Tanzania has a population of 36 million people with the official languages being Swahili and English. The capital is Dodoma and Dar Es Salaam. The average temperature ranges from 20-30 degrees Celcius all year round. Tanzania has many attractions such as Kilimanjaro, Serengeti and Zanzibar.
Quick facts about Tanzania
Full name: United Republic of Tanzania
Capital city: Dodoma (official); Dar es Salaam (administrative)
Area: 945,090 sq km; 364,899 sq miles
Time Zone: GMT/UTC + 3 ()
Languages: Swahili (official); English (official)
Religion: Christian (45%); Muslim (40%); indigenous beliefs (15%)
Electricity: 230V; 50HzHz
Electric Plug Details: British-style plug: 2 flat blades & 1 flat grounding blade, South African/Indian-style plug: 2 circular metal pins above a large circular grounding pin
Country Dialling Code: 255
Visa Details: Click Here
Money matters: Per Capita Income: US$120, Currency: Tanzanian Shilling (Tsh) & USD
Medical matters: Hepatitis, Yellow fever, Malaria, Schistosomiasis (Bilharzia), Cholera, Meningococcal meningitis, Typhoid, HIV/AIDS
Recent history of Tanzania
In 2000 President Mkapa got re-elected as president. Under his leadership, Tanzania has continued its relatively stable course. It even managed something of an economic upturn.
President Jakaya Kikwete took over in 2006, and maintained the stability.
During the last few years, economic and political ties between Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda have become greater, and so has the growth of opposition parties. The long-dominant CCM still sits firmly in the driver's seat, though.
Tanzania’s economy has received major boosts by not only tourism, but also the recent opening of the Songosongo natural gas field just off the southern coast.
In December 2003 the tsunami caused 13 people to lose their lives. Fortunately, there wasn’t too much damage along the Tanzanian coastline.
Serengeti National Park
is the world's largest protected grassland and savannah ecosystem due to the huge financial gain from tourism that supports the country's economy. Therefore, by visiting this UNESCO World Heritage site you are assisting in contributing towards the sustainment of the country's economy and the annual migration
of these beautiful wild beasts.
Ngorongoro Conservation Area
Marked as a World Heritage site, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area
is well-populated with wildlife for your African safari experience. The crater is the main attraction of this area as it is the world's largest inactive volcanic caldera. Two to three million years ago the volcano exploded and then collapsed in on itself, leaving a large gaping hole.
Locally known as Unguja
, Zanzibar Island
gets most of the headlines, but the archipelago also consists of lush Pemba
to the north and many more smaller islands and islets poised in amazingly turquoise seas. Visiting the museums and taking a walk through Stone Town
is a good way of getting an idea of Zanzibar’s rich and turbulent slave-trade past. The architecture will surely fascinate you, as will the street markets.
The old city of Stone Town
is the cultural heart of Zanzibar, and little has changed there for hundreds of years. The majority of Stone Town’s buildings
were built by Omani sultans in the 19th century when Zanzibar was one of the most important trading centres in the Indian Ocean. In order to preserve these architectural
markers of history, the Stone Town Conservation Authority has been working towards restoring this ancient town.
The chilled out resort of Nungwi Beach
is on the northern tip of the island, which is the busier, more commercial side. It’s regarded as one of Zanzibar’s best beaches, because here you can swim to your heart’s delight, as it’s one of the few beaches with no coral reef. Also, it doesn’t matter what tide you swim in because the tide doesn’t draw back for miles, as on the east coast, which is a long walk before you can frolic in the water.
The East Coast
The East Coast
of Zanzibar is the less commercial, more traditional side of the island, where you can chill out on the beach on one of the wooden beds with a good book and maybe a traditional masseuse. They, along with one or two 'kikoi-selling' locals walk up and down the beach to sell you a little something of Zanzibar
Dar es Salaam
Tanzania’s premier city, Dar es Salaam
is a teeming metropolis of 1.5 million people. It is the largest city in Tanzania, as well as the wealthiest, dealing in manufacturing and trade.
Olduvai Gorge ‘Cradle of Mankind’
is a steep-sided ravine in the Great Rift Valley and is about 48km (30mi) long. The original spelling was Oldupai, which is Maasai for the wild sisal plant that grows there. Olduvai is often referred to as the ‘Cradle of Mankind’ because the first humanoid skeletons were discovered there. There is a museum that’s documented all its remarkable findings.
Mt Kilimanjaro National Park
Jutting out from Tanzania’s
north-eastern plains is Mt Kilimanjaro
, an almost perfectly shaped volcano. It’s truly a sight to behold. At a solid 5896m (19343ft), its snow-capped peak is the highest in Africa.
Selous Game Reserve
One of our planet’s last great wild places, the 55,000 sq km (21,235 sq mi) Selous Game Reserve
offers you a fantastic African budget safari: untamed bush, emerald green floodplains and crocodile-filled lakes.
Often overlooked because of the other two big, famous parks, the small-in-size, yet-large-in-wildlife 325km² Lake Manyara
offers a really unusual Africa overland tour. It lies about 130km from Arusha near the small town of Mto Wa Mbu.